POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER–ROLE OF HOMOEOPATHY

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a delayed and protracted response to a stressful event of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature ( outside the range of everyday human experience) .The event causes distress in almost everybody who experience it,but PTSD pertains to the effect the event causes in individuals at a later stage.
There is usually a delay ranging from few weeks to several months between the traumatic event and the onset of symptoms.

The events may b like:
Natural disasters,
Terrorists activity,
Serious accidents,
Witnessing violent deaths.

PTSD may be-
Acute: onset within six months of the event and lasting less than six months
Chronic: symptoms lasting six months or more
Delayed: onset at least six months after the event.

The symtoms of PTSD are varied in individuals,and may range from-
Hyperalertness
Fear and anxiety
Recurrent memories (flashbacks) of the traumatic event,
Sleep disturbance,
Nightmares,
Autonomic arousal,
emotional blunting,
Avoidance of any situation which evokes memories of the trauma,
Sight, sound, and smell recollection

Anxiety and depression are associated features.If patient is alcoholic or used to drugs ,this may worsen the situation.

COMMON CHARACTERISTICS THAT INCREASE THE RISK OF DEVELOPING PTSD
Female
Middle-aged (40 to 60 years old)
No experience coping with traumatic events
Ethnic minority
Lower socioeconomic status
Children
Women with PTSD spouses
Pre-existing psychiatric condition
Primary exposure to the trauma
Living in traumatized community

Prognosis-The condition runs a fluctuating course,and most people recover within two years,although in a small proportion the symptoms become chronic.

MANAGEMENT-

Preventive approach-
Current opinion favours a preventive approach in the management of this disorder by arranging immediate counselling for those who have survived a major catastrophe,with the aim of preventing the develpoment of the symptoms of PTSD.

In established PTSD structured psychological approaches,are used often in conjunction with medication.

HOMEOPATHIC APPROACH-
Homeopathy gives excellent results in such cases ,for a dynamic therapy it is.Homeopathic medicines have established their efficacy in problems like this,when they are given appropriately.Causation (etiology) is an important part of homeopathic treatment,and when medicines are given accordingly,their result a beautiful cure,relieving the patient from his misery.
Homeopathic case taking,when performed properly,provides a vent to the emotions of the patient and hence act as a starting part of counselling.

FOR MORE INFORMATION PLS VISIT OUR WEBSITE www.inhomeo.com

HEMIPLEGIA IN DOG – CASE UNDER TREATMENT AT NAINA HOMEO CARE….

HEMIPLEGIA IN DOG – CASE UNDER TREATMENT AT NAINA HOMEO CARE….

This case is posted as an information to share the efficacy of homeopathy in animals…
The dog – SCOOBY ,age – 4 months,was brought in feb 2012 to us for treatment for sudden inability to stand on its hind legs, along with this,their was retention of stool and urine.It has not eaten anything since 2 days and was taking water only by sips.Abdomen was enlarged due to stool and urine retention.their was no sensation in back and its hind limbs.Right leg was swollen and the dog was moaning pitifully.Its veterinery doctor was out of town.
It was previously treated by us for minor ailments like diarrhoea and vomiting,so the owner had come with a hope that we can do something till the vet returned.The medicine was given on the symptom basis and the third day,owner reported some improvement regarding appetite and their was dribbling of urine and passing of faeces in little amount.Though their was no improvement in other symptoms.
In the evening dog was taken to the vet who diagnosed the case as hemiplegia of the limbs,and after examination ,said that probable cause was spinal injury.He prescribed 3 injections of Neurobion and called for further visit after 3 days.He said that prognosis was poor and the dog may survive not more than 15 days.
Though the owner was discouraged but still continued the homeopathic treatment.By and by the condition improved.The continuous dribbling of urine and stool stopped.Abdominal swelling disappeared.Appetite and thirst improved significantly.The dog regained its vigil.Slowly the dog started stretching its legs on its own (by the end of april month ) ,the owner was surprised and took dog to the vet.The vet was shocked to see the dog alive after two months and was even more shocked to see the marked improvement in its spinal functions.He was happy and asked to continue the homeopathic treatment and prescibed a course of vitamins.
The dog is still under our treatment and with grace of God and homeopathic medicine is showing improvement day by day.It has started taking very small jumps,can climb 2-3 stairs at time,has become very naughty.We hope for its complete recovery soon.

SPECIAL APPLAUD FOR THE OWNER – 
MONICA,she is teacher of our kids,Harsh and Naina,but more than that she is a kind soul,who has been taking care of stray dogs for past few years.Scooby was a stray dog.It takes a lot of patience and courage to do such work.She is one of the noble souls who work silently without any expectation of appraisal or fame.MAY GOD BLESS HER.We are thankful to her for having faith in us and homeopathic medicine.

UTERINE FIBROID AND HOMOEOPATHY

UTERINE FIBROID AND HOMOEOPATHY
Uterine fibroid

Introduction:Uterine fibroid or myoma is a non-cancerous, benign growth in the uterus. They are also called fibromyoma, myofibroma and fibroleiomyoma.

Fibroids vary in size and in location, they may be Intra mural (inside the cavity), Submucosal (in the wall of the uterus), Subserosal (on the outer side of uterus) or in the cervix at times.

 

Fibroids are typically found during the middle and later reproductive years and commonly seen in overweight women.

Causes of Uterine fibroids:

 

The exact cause of Uterine Fibroid is still not clear but their growth appears to depend on increasing estrogen hormone levels. Genetic factors are known to include development of Uterine fibroids. Also, suppressed sexual desires and functions are often found to be one of the reasons in many patients.

 

Symptoms of Uterine fibroids:

 

While most fibroids are asymptomatic, they can grow and cause some symptoms depending on their location and size, like:

 

Excessive, heavy, irregular or prolonged bleeding

Uterine heaviness

Pain in lower abdomen in general

Conventional treatment:

 

Surgical removal of the fibroids along with the uterus is often the line of treatment in the conventional medicine.

 

Homeopathic treatment for Fibroid Uterus:

 

Early and mild or moderate cases of Uterine fibroid often respond to homeopathy. Large and multiple fibroids may take very long, and homeopathy may not be suggested for those cases.

 

DYSMENORRHEA {PAINFULL MENSES} AND ROLE OF HOMOEOPATHY

DYSMENORRHEA {PAINFULL MENSES} AND ROLE OF HOMOEOPATHY
Dysmenorrhea (Painful menses)

 

It can be defined as pain which is in relation to menses that is troublesome so as to disable a woman from performing her routine chores.

 

Dysmenorrhea can be classified into primary dysmenorrhea where no underlying pathology can be demonstrated and secondary dysmenorrhea which has a definitive underlying causative pathology.

 

On the basis of the character, dysmenorrhea can also be classified into spasmodic and membranous type.

Suggestion about homeopathic treatment:

Homeopathy has a promising role to play in cases of dysmenorrhea. The medicines are known to reduce the severity of the pain as well as to treat the cause, whenever possible. Every patient with dysmenorrhea may present with a different set of individual symptoms, which are carefully noted while deciding the homeopathic line of treatment. Homeopathic treatment is strongly suggested.

 

OBESITY ITS HAZARDS AND ITS HOMOEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT

OBESITY ITS HAZARDS AND ITS HOMOEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT
Homeopathy and obesity – Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat.

In general, women collect fat in their hips and buttocks, giving their figures a “pear” shape. Men, on the other hand, usually collect fat around the belly, giving them more of an “apple” shape.

India is now in the grip of an obesity epidemic and the trend needs to be immediately arrested by taxing junk food, restricting food ads and making food labelling clearer, according to a study. Currently, almost 1 in 5 men and over 1 in 6 women are overweight. In some urban areas, the rates are as high as 40%. THE TRUTH ABOUT OBESITY: The Obesity drug makers and diabetes drug makers take in 10 billion$$$$ every year with no cure!!

Causes, incidence, and risk factors—-

Taking in more calories than you burn can lead to obesity because the body stores unused calories as fat. Obesity can be caused by:

Eating more food than your body can use

Drinking too much alcohol

Not getting enough exercise.

Today, we know that biology is a big reason why some people cannot keep the weight off. Some people who live in the same place and eat the same foods become obese, while others do not. Our bodies have a complex system to help keep our weight at a healthy level.

We are surrounded by things that make it easy to overeat and hard to stay active:

Many people do not have time to plan and make healthy meals.

More people today work desk jobs compared to more active jobs in the past.

People with less free time have less time to exercise.

Obesity is a major health threat. The extra weight puts added stress on every part of your body.

People with obesity are at risk for these health problems:

1.Bone and joint problems —Excess weight puts extreme pressure on your joints, sometimes causing inflammation in the joints (known as arthritis). Obesity is also a factor in osteoarthritis a form of arthritis that is caused by wear and tear on the joints

 2.Gallstones  – Obesity causes the liver to secrete excessive amounts of a fluid called bile, which is stored in the gallbladder. Bile is necessary for the body to digest fats. But an overproduction of bile sets the stage for the formation of gallstone.

3. liver problems-

4.Heart attack from coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and stroke

5.High blood cholesterol and triglycerides (dislipidemia or high blood fats)

6.High blood pressure (hypertension)

7.High blood sugar (glucose) or diabetes

8.Stopping breathing during sleep (sleep apnea). This can cause daytime fatigue or sleepiness, poor attention, and problems at work.

9.CANCER

Women who are significantly overweight are at increased risk of risk of cancer of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus). If you are obese and your periods are irregular.

10.INFERTILITY

Obesity sometimes leads to changes in hormone levels that can result in a failure of the ovaries to release eggs regularly. This abnormality, called an ovulation, is associated with irregular or absent periods and infertility.

Sometimes, medical problems or treatments cause weight gain, including:

Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)

Medicines such as birth control pills, antidepressants, and antipsychotics

Other things that can cause weight gain are:

Quitting smoking. Most people who quit smoking gain 4 – 10 pounds in the first 6 months after quitting. Some people gain as much as 25 – 30 pounds.

Stress, anxiety, feeling sad, or not sleeping well

For women:Menopause — women may gain 12-15 pounds during menopause

Not losing the weight they gained during pregnancy

The two most common ways to measure health risks from your weight are:-Body mass index (BMI),Waist circumference (your waist measurement in inches)

BMI is measured using height and weight. You and your health care provider can use your BMI to estimate how much body fat you have.

The World Health Organization uses a classification system using the BMI to define overweight and obesity.

A BMI of 25 to 29.9 is defined as a “pre-obese.”

A BMI of 30 to 34.99 is defined as “obese class I.”

A BMI of 35 to 39.99 is defined as “obese class II.”

A BMI of or greater than 40.00 is defined as “obese class III.”

Treatment-

CHANGING YOUR LIFESTYLE

An active lifestyle and regular exercise, along with healthy eating, is the best way to lose weight. Even modest weight loss can improve your health. You will need a lot of support from family and friends.

When dieting, your main goal should be to learn new, healthy ways of eating and make them a part of your daily routine.

Many people find it hard to change their eating habits and behaviors. You may have practiced some habits for so long that you may not even know they are unhealthy, or you do them without thinking. You need to be motivated to make lifestyle changes. Make the behavior change part of your life over the long term. Know that it takes time to make and keep a change in your lifestyle.

Work with your health care provider and dietitian to set realistic, safe daily calorie counts that help you lose weight while staying healthy. Remember that if you drop pounds slowly and steadily, you are more likely to keep them off. Your dietitian can teach you about:

Healthy food choices,Healthy snacks,Sweetened drinks,How to read the nutrition labels.

Blood tests may be done to look for thyroid or hormone problems that could lead to weight gain.

New ways to prepare food.

A modest weight loss of 5%-10% of the initial weight, and long-term maintenance of that weight loss can bring significant health gains, including

lowered blood pressure;,reduced blood levels of cholesterol;reduced risk of type 2 (adult-onset) diabetes (In the Nurses Health Study, women who lost 5 kilograms (11 pounds) of weight reduced their risk of diabetes by 50% or more.);Decreased chance of stroke;decreased complications of heart disease;decreased overall mortality.

Learn new ways to manage stress, rather than snacking. Examples may be meditation, yoga, or exercise. If you are depressed or stressed a lot, talk to your health care provider.

MEDICATIONS AND HERBAL REMEDIES

You may see ads for supplements and herbal remedies that claim they will help you lose weight. Many of these claims are not true, and some of these supplements can have serious side effects. Talk to your health care provider before using them.

Several prescription weight loss drugs are available. Most people lose between 5 and 10 pounds by taking these drugs. Most people also regain the weight when they stop taking the medicine, unless they have made lasting lifestyle changes, such as exercising and cutting unhealthy foods from their diet.

HOMOEOPATHY AND WEIGHT MANAGEMENT-There are a lot of treatment options and remedies available in the market for obesity. But almost all of them are associated with serious side effects and toxicity except homeopathy. In homeopathy there are around  180 remedies for obesity. The choice of remedy depends upon the complete case history of the patient.

For example, Fucus v is chose by a homeopath when the patient also has thyroid problem and is constipation. Phytolacca berry is chosen when we have to increase the metabolic rate. And Calcarea carbonicum if the patient is fair, fatty and flabby with depression and constipation. So, in homeopathy the choice of remedy depends upon the complete symptomatology of the patient.

In medical practice I use the homeopathic program for obesity or weight management. This program consists of 4 Cs –

1 .Change- Use smaller plates, do not read or watch TV while eating, chew every bite twenty times.

, 2.Control- The right homeopathic remedy with a help of a professional homeopath to control obesity.

 3.Cleanse- Drink lots of water. Yoga /Exercise atleast 45 minutes daily. All the above mobilize the accumulated toxic substances in the body to be washed away.

4.Caloric Reduction- Eat lots of green leafy vegetables and fruits with high fibre content and low calories and sugar.

Thus, homeopathy offers a safe, long lasting and holistic solution for fat loss in obese people. The remedies are composed of natural elements in minuscule doses with absolutely no side effects.

 

 

Migraine And Homoeopathy

Migraine And Homoeopathy
When it comes to migraine,there is nothing like homeopathy

Migraines are severe, disabling recurrent headaches that are generally accompanied by other symptoms such as visual disturbances or nausea.

Homeopathic treatment for Migraine
Conventional medicines offer only short-term relief from migraines. Add to this side-effects, and one may sometimes feel that these medicines could, perforce, be worse than the disorder.

From the therapeutic viewpoint, homoeopathy provides the best possible long-term solution for migraines. It presents through its medicinal armamentarium the most comprehensive, safe, and effective treatment for a vast majority of migraine victims. This is no placebo effect, as many would erroneously believe. Rather, homeopathy has an excellent clinical record in treating the disorder, safely and successfully.

Homeopathy aims to treat the individual that carries the migraine burden on his/her head, rather than the problem per se. Remember, no two individuals with migraines display the same set of symptoms, peculiarities, sensitivities, or temperament. Homeopathy elicits and treats these special characteristics, from the back-to-front, looking at the possible causes or triggers.

Homeopathy evidences that a certain medicine that can cause migraine-like symptoms can also treat individuals having migraine, and exhibiting the same, unique set of symptoms. However, what distinguishes homeopathy from other systems is no two individuals with migraine may be prescribed the same medicine. Rather, the appropriate medicine takes its cue from the nature of each individual’s distinguishing symptoms. One individual with migraine, for example, may feel better with a hankie tied around the head; while another may feel worse. This calls for the use of two different homeopathic remedies.

Migraine has been believed to be an obstinate condition to treat. However, it is a common experience of the practice of homeopathic system of medicine that migraine is curable.

The homeopathy approach to the treatment of migraine patients is more individualistic. This means, homeopathy believes that migraine is a personality disorder and hence the treatment should be determined only on the basis of in-depth study of the patients’ personality. This approach helps treating most cases of migraine successfully.

Not only can homeopathic remedies be used at the time of a migraine, but treatment from a qualified homeopath can also reduce the likelihood of migraines …

Coming back to migraine-

A classic migraine has an “aura” or warning associated with it that precedes the headache. The aura is often a visual disturbance (like seeing stars or zigzag lines or a temporary blind spot.)

A common migraine does not have such a warning before the head pain begins, typically accompanied by nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances.

Commonly lasts from 6 to 48 hours

Accompanying symptoms that may precede or occur at the same time as the migraine include:

Nausea and vomiting

Dizziness described as lightheadedness or even vertigo (feeling like the room is spinning)

Fatigue Loss of appetite

Irritability

Eye pain

Extreme sensitivity to light (called photophobia)

Parts of your body may feel numb, weak, or tingly

Light, noise, and movement?especially bending over?make head hurt worse

Symptoms that may linger even after the migraine has resolved:

Feeling mentally dull, like your thinking is not clear or sharp increased need for sleep

Neck pain

CAUSES:

The symptoms of migraines occur as a result of changes in the diameter of blood vessels to the brain and surrounding structures. Initially, the blood vessels constrict (narrow), reducing blood flow to these areas and leading to visual disturbances, difficulty speaking, weakness, numbness, or tingling sensation in one area of the body, or other similar symptoms. When these symptoms start before the actual headache (as in classical migraine), it is called an aura. Minutes to hours later, the blood vessels dilate (enlarge) leading to increased blood flow and a severe headache.

Things that can trigger migraine include the following:

Low blood sugar from, for example, missing meal

Certain food, most commonly cited dietary culprits include- ?4C? ?cheese, citrus fruits, caffeine and chocolate

Fluctuations in hormones (for example, menstruation)

Certain odors, such as perfume

Bright lights

Loud noises

Stress, physical or emotional (often, the headache occurs during the period of relaxation just following a particularly stressful time)

Sleeping too little or too more

Smoking or exposure to tobacco smoke

Prolonged muscle tension (for example, from a tension headache can lead to a mixed migraine-tension headache)

Migraine and other similar headaches:

Migraine headache should be differentiated from other similar painful conditions where the headache could be due to high blood pressure, sinusitis, trigeminal neuralgia, tension headache, etc. A good clinician can help the patient arrive to a correct diagnosis.

DIETARY ADVICE

1. Avoid going without food for long periods of time. Also, make sure you eat something after prolonged exercise.Else, this may cause low blood sugar, which can indirectly cause migraine.

2. Make sure you eat three well-balanced meals a day. Avoid over-indulging in carbohydrates at any single meal.

3. Never neglect your breakfast.

4. The below foods are known to cause migraine in some people. Try and avoid them:

Cheese

Vinegar

Nuts

Citrus fruits and juices

Beans

Bananas

Plums

Raisins

Avocados

Fresh bread

Processed meats like sausage, bacon and salami

Chocolates

5. Some drinks are known to cause migraine that you could avoid are:

Red wine

Champagne

Drinks containing caffeine, like tea, hot chocolate and cola drinks

Some people can tolerate decaffeinated drinks, but they may pose a problem for others.

6. Avoid foods that contain chemicals like:

Monosodium Glutamate, which is present in Chinese food as well as many processed foods.

Nitrates and nitrites present in many cured and processed meats.

Tyramine present in red wine and cheese.

Aspartame, tartrazine and other food additives.

7. Take magnesium and riboflavin food regularly.

8. An extra dosage of vitamins B5, C and E as well as evening primrose oil could prove beneficial.

9. Add fresh root ginger to your food.

10. Frequent headaches could indicate you are low in important vitamins and minerals. Low levels of niacin and vitamin B6, for instance, can cause headaches.

Therefore, take all the B vitamins to help combat stress and avoid tension headaches.

Protein rich foods, like chicken, fish beans and peas, milk, cheese, nuts and peanut butter are good dietary sources of both niacin and vitamin B6.

11. Minerals like calcium and magnesium work together to help prevent headaches, especially those related to the menstrual cycle.

Good sources of calcium are dairy products, tofu, dark green leafy vegetables — like kale or broccoli — beans and peas.

Magnesium can be found in dark green leafy vegetables, nuts, bananas, wheatgerm, seafood, beans and nuts.

Homoeopathy and Caesarian delivery

Homoeopathy and Caesarian delivery
Homeopathy and caesarian delivery
A Caesarean section , also known as C-section or Caesar, is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a mother’s abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more babies. It is usually performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby’s or mother’s life or health at risk, although in recent times it has been also performed upon request for childbirths that could otherwise have been natural.
TYPES 
There are several types of Caesarean section (CS). An important distinction lies in the type of incision (longitudinal or latitudinal) made on the uterus, apart from the incision on the skin.
• The classical Caesarean section involves a midline longitudinal incision which allows a larger space to deliver the baby. However, it is rarely performed today as it is more prone to complications
• The lower uterine segment section is the procedure most commonly used today; it involves a transverse cut just above the edge of the bladder and results in less blood loss and is easier to repair.
• An emergency Caesarean section is a Caesarean performed once labour has commenced.
• A crash Caesarean section is a Caesarean performed in an obstetric emergency, where complications of pregnancy onset suddenly during the process of labour, and swift action is required to prevent the deaths of mother, child(ren) or both.
• A Caesarean hysterectomy consists of a Caesarean section followed by the removal of the uterus. This may be done in cases of intractable bleeding or when the placenta cannot be separated from the uterus.
• Traditionally other forms of Caesarean section have been used, such as extraperitoneal Caesarean section or Porro Caesarean section.
A  repeat Caesarean section is done when a patient had a previous Caesarean section. Typically it is performed through the old scar.
Complications
Caesarean section is recommended when vaginal delivery might pose a risk to the mother or baby. Not all of the listed conditions represent a mandatory indication, and in many cases the obstetrician must use discretion to decide whether a caesarean is necessary. Some indications for caesarean delivery are:
Complications of labor and factors impeding vaginal delivery such as
• prolonged labor or a failure to progress (dystocia)
• fetal distress
• cord prolapse
• uterine rupture
• placental problems (placenta praevia, placental abruption or placenta accreta)
• abnormal presentation (breech or transverse positions)
• failed induction of labour
• failed instrumental delivery (by forceps or ventouse. Sometimes a ‘trial of forceps/ventouse’ is tried out – This means a forceps/ventouse delivery is attempted, and if the forceps/ventouse delivery is unsuccessful, it will be switched to a caesarean section.
• overly large baby (macrosomia)
• umbilical cord abnormalities (vasa previa, multi-lobate including bi-lobate and succenturiate-lobed placentas, velamentous insertion)
• contracted pelvis
Other complications of preganancy, preexisting conditions and concomitant disease such as
• pre-eclampsia
• hypertension
• multiple births
• precious (High Risk) Fetus
• HIV infection of the mother
• Sexually transmitted infections such as genital herpes (which can be passed on to the baby if the baby is born vaginally, but can usually be treated in with medication and do not require a Caesarean section)
• previous Caesarean section (though this is controversial – see discussion below)
• prior problems with the healing of the perineum (from previous childbirth or Crohn’s Disease)
Other
• Lack of Obstetric Skill (Obstetricians not being skilled in performing breech births, multiple births, etc. [In most situations women can birth under these circumstances naturally. However, obstetricians are not always trained in proper procedures])
Improper Use of Technology (Electric Fetal Monitoring [EFM]

 
Risks
Risks for the mother 

As with all types of abdominal surgery, a Caesarean section is associated with risks of post-operative adhesions, incisional hernias (which may require surgical correction) and wound infections. If a Caesarean is performed under emergency situations, the risk of the surgery may be increased due to a number of factors. The patient’s stomach may not be empty, increasing the anaesthesia risk. Other risks include severe blood loss (which may require a blood transfusion) and post spinal headaches.
Women who delivered their first child by Caesarean delivery had increased risks for malpresentation, placenta previa, antepartum hemorrhage, placenta accreta, prolonged labor, uterine rupture, preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth in their second delivery.
Risks for the child 
For the baby, complications can also include neonatal depression due to anesthesia and fetal injury due to the uterine incision and extraction.
One study found an increased risk of complications if a repeat elective Caesarean section is performed even a few days before the recommended 39 weeks.
Risks for both mother and child
Due to extended hospital stays, both the mother and child are at risk for developing a hospital-borne infection.
Studies have shown that mothers who have their babies by caesarean take longer to first interact with their child when compared with mothers who had their babies vaginally.
Anaesthesia 
Both general and regional anaesthesia (spinal, epidural or combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia) are acceptable for use during caesarean section. Regional anaesthesia is preferred as it allows the mother to be awake and interact immediately with her baby. Other advantages of regional anesthesia include the absence of typical risks of general anesthesia: pulmonary aspiration (which has a relatively high incidence in patients undergoing anesthesia in late pregnancy) of gastric contents and Oesophageal intubation.
Regional anaesthesia is used in 95% of deliveries, with spinal and combined spinal and epidural anaesthesia being the most commonly used regional techniques in scheduled caesarean section. Regional anaesthesia during caesarean section is different to the analgesia (pain relief) used in labor and vaginal delivery. The pain that is experienced because of surgery is greater than that of labor and therefore requires a more intense nerve block. The dermatomal level of anesthesia required for cesarean delivery is also higher than that required for labor analgesia.
General anesthesia may be necessary because of specific risks to mother or child. Patients with heavy, uncontrolled bleeding may not tolerate the hemodynamic effects of regional anesthesia. General anesthesia is also preferred in very urgent cases, such as severe fetal distress, when there is no time to perform a regional anesthesia.
Vaginal birth after caesarean 
In the past, caesarean sections used a vertical incision which cut the uterine muscle fibres in an up and down direction (a classical caesarean). Modern caesareans typically involve a horizontal incision along the muscle fibres in the lower portion of the uterus (hence the term lower uterine segment caesarean section, LUSCS/LSCS). The uterus then better maintains its integrity and can tolerate the strong contractions of future childbirth. Cosmetically the scar for modern caesareans is below the “bikini line.”
Because uterine rupture may be catastrophic, VBAC should be attempted in institutions equipped to respond to emergencies with physicians immediately available to provide emergency care.

Recovery Period 
Typically the recovery time depends on the patient and their pain/ inflammation levels. Doctors do recommend no strenuous work i.e. lifting objects over 10 lbs., running, walking up stairs, or athletics for up to two weeks..
ROLE OF HOMOEOPATHY IN CAESARIAN DELIVERY. 
In caesarian delivery,homoeopathy helps in a way that helps patient to recover fast and healthy,and offers wonderful aid in complications. Before and during C-section,taking these remedies gently but effectively aid preparation and recovery in several ways, like warding off infections, easing anxiety, and minimizing blood loss.
Infections  which can strike an immune system compromised by surgery(c-section), may cause complications like bleeding and prolong recuperation. Protect against infections with Ferrum phosphoricum.
Recommended Dosage: Two days prior to surgery, 6X or 6C of Ferrum four times a day, every six hours. Stop the day of your surgery.
Ease Anxiety 
Nervousness before an operation may weaken immune system. If patient feels anxious, apprehensive, or physically weak, she can be soothed with nervous system by taking the remedy Gelsemium sempervirens. If anxiety is severe and patient feels like she is facing death,give Aconitum napellus instead.
Prevent Dangerous Bleeding
If the procedure poses the potential for a large loss of blood and due to intravenous (IV) therapy, give Arnica montana. It reduces bleeding during surgery, prevents blood from pooling under skin, and minimizes the surgical shock that can cause cardiovascular problems.
Recommended Dosage: 30X or 30C of Arnica the night before the surgery, the morning of the surgery, and just prior to the surgery.
Stop Postoperative Bleeding 
Bleeding occurs frequently after surgery, and mostly reduces with Arnica montana. other medicines are-.
Arsenicum album helps when excessive bleeding leads to great weakness, burning pains, restlessness, and anxiety, as well as thirst.
Cinchona officinalis works best if bleeding and a loss of fluids like sweat or urine cause to feel faint or have ringing in the ears.
Ipecacuanha is used for fast bleeding of bright red blood that is often accompanied by nausea or a shortness of breath.
Secale cornutum helps when there is uterine bleeding and the blood is thin and fetid. It’s also suitable when entire body feels hot and patient is aggravated by the heat.
Recommended Dosage: 30X or 30C of one of the above remedies every hour for up to four hours until the bleeding stops. If the bleeding does not slow significantly, try another remedy in the same dose.


RELIEVE CONSTIPATION 

cAESARIAN DELIVERY typically slow or stop normal bowel function. The following remedies, taken alone or in combination, may provide relief from constipation.
Arnica montana helps if patient is in a shock, characterized by a pale skin tone, that stops normal intestinal functions, including bowel movements.
China is useful if you there is large accumulation of fecal matter that is difficult to expel, and there is watery but painless diarrhea.
Raphanus sativus is indicated if patient is constipated without any bowel movements or has gas pains in the upper left part of the abdomen.
Recommended Dosage: 6X or 6C or 30X or 30C potency three times a day for up to four days


FLATULENCE 

caesarian delivery can disrupt your digestive system, resulting in flatulence. Gas may collect and cause jabbing pains and severe bloating.Carbo vegetabilis assists people who suffer from great distension and offensive gas. This remedy is best if patient gets relief from release and if carbonated drinks ease the gas pains.
Cinchona officinalis is useful when there is more pain than distension, frequent rumbling in the abdomen, and no relief from releasing gas.
Colocynthis works when there is more pain than distension and cramps are relieved by bending over.
Raphanus sativus helps people who have a distended abdomen but are unable to expel gas.
Recommended Dosage: 6X or 6C or 30X or 30C potency every two hours during intense pain and every four hours during mild discomfort.
NAUSEA AND VOMITING 
Nausea can prevent from getting out of bed–and patient needs to move around to regain normal bodily functions. And vomiting can irritate the muscles and stitching around a wound.
Arsenicum alb treats violent vomiting made worse by drinking cold water or eating. It is also suitable if there is burning pain in stomach.
Ipecac helps people who experience persistent nausea with vomiting, and for whom vomiting does not provide relief.
Nux vomica is good if there is ineffectual retching without actual vomiting.
Phosphorus treats nausea with or without vomiting. It’s most helpful when there is headache and a strong thirst for iced drinks.
Recommended Dosage: 6X or 6C or 30X or 30C of a remedy every two hours during intense symptoms and every four hours during mild discomfort.


CARE FOR TENDER TISSUE 

Caesarian delivery causes trauma to your skin and muscles. Calendula officinalis, helps heal most wound.
Arnica montana soothes bruised or swollen muscles and bruises caused by intravenous injections.
Hamamelis internally and externally reduces hemorrhoid bleeding and varicose veins that may occur after delivery It’s helpful when capillaries are enlarged.
Bellis perennis is very useful as c-section causes deep tissue injury.

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HYDROCEPHALUS and homoeopathy

HYDROCEPHALUS

Hydrocephalus is a condition in which excess fluid builds up in your brain.

 

The term Hydrocephalus is derived from the Greek words (Hydro means water and cephalus means head).

Hydrocephalus may be congenital or acquired. Congenital Hydrocephalus is present at birth and may be caused by either envoirmental influences during fetal developmental or genetic predisposition. Acquired Hydrocephalus develops at the time of birth or at some point afterwards. This type of Hydrocephalus can affect individuals of all ages and may be caused by injury or disease. Symptoms of Hydrocephalus vary with age, disease progression, and individual difference of tolerance of CSF. For example an infants ability to tolerate CSF\\\’s pressure differs from an adults. Infancy, the most obvious indication of Hydrocephalus is often the rapid increase in head circumference or an unusually large head size. Other general symptoms may include vomiting, sleepiness, irritability, down ward deviation of the eyes and seizures.

 

Hydrocephalus is a condition in which excess fluid builds up in your brain.

Presence of excessive amounts of the cerebro spinal fluid can be due to:-

a. Increased production of the cerebro spinal fluid.

b. Block in the flow of the cerebro spinal fluid.

c. Impaired absorption of cerebro spinal fluid.

In hydrocephalus, too much fluid builds up, causing abnormal enlargement of the cavities in the brain (ventricles) that contain CSF. Too much CSF in the ventricles can put too much pressure on the brain, potentially damaging the brain.

Symptoms of hydrocephalus vary with age, disease progression, and individual differences in tolerance to CSF. In infancy, the most obvious indication of hydrocephalus is often the rapid increase in head circumstance or an unusually large head size. In older children and adults, symptoms may include headache followed by vomiting, nausea, papilledema (swelling of the optic disk, which is part of the optic nerve), downward deviation of the eyes (called “sunsetting”), . Hydrocephalus is diagnosed through clinical neurological evaluation and by using cranial imaging techniques such as ultrasonography, computer tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or pressure-monitoring techniques.

 

Causes

Causes include:

Brain tumors

Cancer in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

Inflammation in the CSF (such as sarcoidosis  )

Cysts in the brain

Malformations of the brain, such as:

Dandy-Walker syndrome

Arnold-Chiari malformation

Spina bifida

Brain injuries

Infections of the brain or the meninges can be caused by a number of agents including bacteria, mycobacteria, fungus, viruses, and parasites, such as:

Encephalitis  —inflammation of the brain

Meningitis —inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord

Blood vessel abnormalities in the brain

Bleeding into the brain

Risk Factors

Risk factors for hydrocephalus include:

 

Neural tube defects

Mother has infection during pregnancy, such as:

Cytomegalovirus

Toxoplasmosis

Lymphocytic virus

Chickenpox

Mumps

Brain infections

Malformations of the brain

Brain injuries

Symptoms

Symptoms depend on the severity of the hydrocephalus. The CSF puts pressure on structures within the brain. Symptoms may start out mild and become more severe as CSF pressure increases.

Symptoms may include:

Headache (often worse when lying down or upon first awakening in the morning)

Nausea / Vomiting

Problems with balance

Difficulty walking

Poor coordination

Incontinence

Confusion

Memory problems

Dementia

In babies:

Slow development

Loss of developmental milestones

Bulging fontanelle (soft spot on the head)

Large head circumference

You can prevent Hydrocephalus:-

To Prevent Hydrocephalus Sulphur, Calcerea, Phosphorous, should be given to the mothers to her next pregnancy- grauvogl\\\’s. (especially those mothers who have already lost  one or more children due to hydrocephalus )

 

If you are pregnant, visit your doctor as soon as you know you are pregnant and frequently throughout the pregnancy. Your doctor will screen you for infections and other problems that may occur during pregnancy. Regular visits also will reduce the risk of premature birth. Women of child-bearing age should have folate regularly in their diet before becoming pregnant to help prevent the development of neural tube defects, some with hydrocephalus.

Homoeopathic treatment:

 Apis Mel, Calc. Carb, Lycopodium, Nat. Sulph, zincum ,Helliborus ,Arsenic Alb, Belladona should be given on symptom needed.

 

 

Bitter sugar

Bitter sugar

Bitter sugar !!!
Most of us have heard the good advice that we need to eat less sugar – and rightly so. However, despite the numerous warnings by health authorities of the ill effects of sugar, the majority of the population is still consuming sugar on a daily basis in some form or other. “Sugar” is both a broad category and a misleading one. Let’s examine it for our health’s sake.

We do not have to consume white, refined sugar to be consuming sugar. Sugar includes
glucose,
fructose (as in fruit sugar),
Lactolse (as in milk),
sucrose (as in table sugar),
maltose or malts (as in rice malt and honey),
jam (contains concentrated juice, which is high in fruit sugar),
maple syrup, corn syrup, palm sugar (traditionally used in macrobiotic cooking),
Organic brown sugar, which is not all that different from white sugar.
Even alcohol is a sugar.
All of these sugars are problematic in many different ways.

Sugar is a major culprit in the case against obesity. For obese individuals, consuming even a teaspoon of sugar a day would cause metabolic imbalances that contribute to obesity. Sugar is to be avoided, not only by the obese but by healthy individuals.

Is there rationale behind the statement, ‘Sugar is to be avoided’? Definitely!

Why Is Sugar Bad?

One of the most obvious reasons why sugary foods and drinks are bad and can undermine your health is that they tend to be high in calories but not all that filling. That makes it easy to over-consume them, and the excess calories can cause you to gain weight.

Another way that sugar negatively impacts nutrition and health is that it displaces other healthier foods. People often eat sweets instead of other foods that are more nutritious and, as a result, their overall nutrition suffers. Put another way, if you were to replace sweets with nutritious foods like fruits and vegetables, you’d greatly improve the nutritional quality of your diet.

How Sugar Harms Your Health

* Sugar can decrease growth hormone (the key to staying youthful and lean)

* Sugar feeds cancer

* Sugar increases cholesterol

* Sugar can weaken eyesight

* Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children

* Sugar can interfere with the absorption of protein

* Sugar causes food allergies

* Sugar contributes to diabetes

* Sugar can contribute to eczema in children

* Sugar can cause cardiovascular disease

* Sugar can impair the structure of DNA

* Sugar can cause hyperactivity, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and crankiness in children

* Sugar contributes to the reduction in defense against bacterial infection (infectious diseases)

* Sugar greatly assists the uncontrolled growth of Candida Albicans (yeast infections)

* Sugar contributes to osteoporosis

Refined sugar contains no fiber, no minerals, no proteins, no fats, no enzymes, only empty calories. What happens when you eat a refined carbohydrate like sugar? Your body must borrow vital nutrients from healthy cells to metabolize the incomplete food. Calcium, sodium, potassium and magnesium are taken from various parts of the body to make use of the sugar. Many times, so much calcium is used to neutralize the effects of sugar that the bones become osteoporotic due to the withdrawn calcium.

Likewise, the teeth are affected and they lose their components until decay occurs and hastens their loss.

…Refined sugar is void of all nutrients, consequently it causes the body to deplete its own stores of various vitamins, minerals and enzymes. If sugar consumption is continued, an over-acid condition results, and more minerals are needed from deep in the body to correct the imbalance. If the body is lacking the nutrients used to metabolize sugar, it will not be able to properly handle and rid itself of the poisonous residues.

These wastes accumulate through the brain and nervous system, which speeds up cellular death. The bloodstream becomes over-loaded with waste products and symptoms of carbonic poisoning result.

…Sugar also makes the blood very thick and sticky, inhibiting much of the blood flow into the minute capillaries that supply our gums and teeth with vital nutrients. Therefore, we wind up with diseased gums and starving teeth.

EFFECT OF SUGAR ON NEUROLOGICAL PROCESSES …
.Another serious problem with sugar that is now coming to the forefront is the various levels of mental problems. Our brains are very sensitive and react to quick chemical changes within the body. As sugar is consumed, our cells are robbed of their B vitamin, which destroys them, and insulin production is inhibited. Low insulin production means a high sugar (glucose) level in the bloodstream, which can lead to a confused mental state or unsound mind, and has also been linked with juvenile criminal behavior.
One of the keys to orderly brain function is glutamic acid, and this compound is found in many vegetables. When sugar is consumed, the bacteria in the intestines, which manufacture B vitamin complexes, begin to die-these bacteria normally thrive in a symbiotic relationship with the human body. When the B vitamin complex level declines, the glutamic acid (normally transformed into “go” “no-go” directive neural enzymes by the B vitamins) is not processed and sleepiness occurs, as well as a decreased ability for short-term memory function and numerical calculative abilities.

The body changes sugar into 2 to 5 times more fat in the bloodstream than it does starch.The only interesting thing about sugar is that it tastes good and makes us temporarily feel good.

CRAVING
Satiety and cravings are the result of imbalances in brain chemistry and have nothing to do with fullness of the stomach. When foods hit our tongue, our taste buds relay the bio-chemical information to the brain, stimulating various parts of the hypothalamus – the ‘satiety centre’. The tongue is also a mini representation of the body, just like in reflexology, and contains points that stimulate all the organs in the body. Avoiding sweetness would be unnatural and unnecessary, as this will inevitably lead to imbalances and sweet cravings. This is why people have such a hard time giving up sugar; it is almost impossible to get children to stay away from it.

Many people really try hard to avoid sugar, and do not sweeten their tea or coffee, yet they crave sugar in some other form, such as chocolates, cakes, ice cream or even fruit – dates and figs. Dates are 99% sugar, in the form of fructose. When a person is in metabolic balance they do not crave sugar. If they do, it is a sign of a metabolic imbalance and it can be corrected without having to consume sugar.

HOW MUCH SUGAR IS SAFE
The World Health Organization suggests that you keep your sugar intake to no more than 10% of total calories.If you’re overweight or have any other risk factors for heart disease or diabetes, it might be wise to keep it to something closer to 5%.

The wonderful thing is that we do not have to give up the sweetness of sugar in order to be healthy; we just need to replace it with better alternatives. While giving up sugar is very difficult, replacing it is now very easy. There are two natural, organic sugar alternatives that are sweet, easy to use and cook with – stevia and xylitol. They may sound like chemicals but they are completely natural and have been proven not only safe but beneficial for our well-being.

Putting kids to healthy habit of having minimum sugar since chidhood is infact saving them from a bundle of diseases .

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Preventing atherosclerosis

Preventing atherosclerosis

Preventing atherosclerosis – Atherosclerosis is a preventable and treatable condition.

Lifestyle changesMaking lifestyle changes is a very effective way of preventing, or reversing, the process of atherosclerosis, as well as reducing your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as a coronary heart disease, heart attack or stroke.

There are five ways you can help reduce your risk of developing further coronary heart disease:stop smoking (if you smoke)

eat a healthy diet

take regular exercise

lose weight (if you are overweight or obese)
moderate your consumption of alcohol

These lifestyle changes are discussed in more detail below.

Smoking –
If you smoke, it is strongly recommended that you quit as soon as possible. The NHS Smokefree website can provide you with support and advice. Your GP will also be able to recommend and prescribe medication that can help you give up.
See the Health A-Z topic about Quitting smoking – treatment for more information and advice.

Diet
It is recommended that you eat two to four portions of oily fish a week. Oily fish contains a type of fatty acid called omega-3. Omega-3 can help lower your cholesterol levels.
Good sources of omega-3 include:
herrings
sardines
mackerel
salmon
trout
tuna
If you are unable, or unwilling, to eat oily fish, your GP may recommend that you take an omega-3 food supplement. However, you should never take a food supplement without first consulting your GP. Some supplements, such as beta-carotene, can be harmful.
It is also recommended that you eat a Mediterranean-style diet. This means that you should eat more bread, fruit, vegetables and fish, and less meat. Replace butter and cheese with products that are vegetable and plant-oil based, such as olive oil.

Weight management

If you are overweight, or obese, you should lose weight, and maintain a healthy weight by using a combination of regular exercise and a calorie-controlled diet.
See the Health A-Z topic about Obesity – treatment for more information and advice.

Alcohol
If you drink alcohol, you should not exceed the recommended daily limits (3-4 units a day for men, and 2-3 units a day for women).
A unit of alcohol is roughly half a pint of normal strength lager, a small glass of wine or a single measure (25ml) of spirits. Regularly exceeding the recommended alcohol limits will raise your blood pressure and your cholesterol level, which will increase your risk of developing CVD.
You should contact your GP if you find it difficult to moderate your drinking. Counselling services and medication can help you to reduce your alcohol intake.
See Alcohol misuse – treatment for more information and advice.

Regular exercise
A minimum of 30 minutes of vigorous exercise a day, five times a week, is the recommended amount of exercise. The exercise should be strenuous enough to leave your heart beating faster, and you should feel slightly out of breath afterwards.
Activities that you could incorporate into your exercise programme include:
brisk walking
hill climbing
running
cycling
swimming
If you find it difficult to achieve 30 minutes of exercise a day, you should start at a level that you feel comfortable with. For example, you could do five to ten minutes of light exercise a day and then gradually increase the duration and intensity of your activity as your fitness begins to improve.

Diet for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular health
A variety of fruits and vegetables (5 to 9 servings/day of different colours).

Vegetable juices are great for you and blueberries are one of the best foods you can eat.

A variety of grain products, with an emphasis on whole grains (6 or more servings/day).

Lecithin is a good food for you, as is oat bran. Also linseed: try the LSA recipe for breakfast or the linseed breakfast cereal.

At least 2 servings of fish per week, but 3- 4 is better. Eat cold water oily dark fish preferbaly

Limit total fat intake to <30% and saturated fat to <10% of energy. Replace dietary saturated fats and trans fatty acids with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (including good helpings of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids). Food sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fatty fish (such as salmon), flaxseed and flaxseed oil, soybean oil, canola oil, and nuts.

Limit dairy products to low-fat items (2 to 4 servings/day)

Limit sodium (salt) intake to 6 grams per day (remember a lot of processed foods are very high in sodium)

Limit alcohol intake to 2 drinks/day for men and 1 drink/day for women. Remember red wine is generally better for the arteries than any other alcohols

Maintain a healthy body weight by matching calorie intake to energy needs; this includes a moderate level of regular physical activity (30 to 60 minutes within target heart range most days per week)

Eat garlic and onions liberally as they are such good antioxidants.Other good antioxidant foods that will help stop damage to the arteries wheat grass, chlorella and seaweed. Also asparagus, the cabbage family, papaya, soy beans and brazil nuts and pumpkin seeds (but only if eaten uncooked and unsalted).
Drink at least 8 glasses of pure water a day

Decrease coffee and tea unless its green tea or herb tea, which you can generally drink in liberal doses. Don’t drink much liquorice tea however if you have high blood pressure.

Grapefruit can be a great addition to your diet as it can assist the break up of calcification on the arteries, however please check that it contraindicated not contrindicated with any medication as it can change somemedications metabolism in the liver.

If you have high blood pressure eat more pottasium rich foods including bananas.

Vitamin C
A few studies suggest that consuming high levels of vitamin C may protect against heart disease, but not all studies confirm this relationship. It is recommended that people who have low levels of this nutrient should take vitamin C (either through diet or supplements) to prevent atherosclerosis and its complications
.
Selenium
Low blood levels of this antioxidant may worsen atherosclerosis. Cigarette smoking and alcohol ingestion are believed to contribute to selenium deficiency.

Vitamin D
Low levels of vitamin D may increase the risk of calcium build-up in the arteries, a atherosclerosis component of atherosclerotic plaque. Atherosclerotic plaque build up in blood vessels can lead to a heart attack or stroke. More research is needed to understand the practical implications of this possible relationship between low vitamin D levels and atherosclerosis.

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